It’s June, and that means picking stuff!
My allotment has become overgrown because I’ve been away so much [April -Portugal, May-Finland, June-Norway] but that was unusual and it won’t be happening again. Unfortunately. But it just shows how much you have to be on the ball when you grow stuff, and how much you miss out if you are not tending your plot.
I managed to pick Feverfew [Tanacetum parthenium] which had grown beautifully despite my absence. I plonked some in 3 tyre stacks last year and away it went…
My glorious Feverfew, ignored but flourishing!
Just as I was about to snip off the flower heads like I do with Chamomile, I just checked with the trusty Herbarium website, and no – I needed to take the leaves as well. This made life a lot easier as I snipped out the stalks to take home and garble later.
Et, voila! A nice basket full. This will be dried, and some of the dried herb will be made into a tincture.
I also picked a bit of late Chamomile [Matricaria recutita] which seemed to have gone past it’s best [should not have gone to Norway…] and some lovely St John’s Wort [Hypericum perforatum] – leaves and flowers. This will also be dried as I have several ladies on this as an ingredient of their teas, and some will go into a tincture which I use for low mood and certain nerve pains.
A box of sunshine ready to go back to my pharmacy….
But annoyingly, my Mullein has been decimated!
And here’s why!
I know they have to eat – but I only had one mullein plant……
So, I’m half way through my teaching diploma at Bridgwater College; and it’s fun. I did think that if you had a degree in a subject and practical experience then you could just teach it. But no. There is so much more to teaching than getting up the front and telling students what they need to know. Without going into Bloom’s taxonomy, or discussing Humanism v Cognitivism, let’s just say there are methods to employ that enable different ‘types’ of learners to get the most out of the experience. If you want to teach adults, I can recommend doing the 2 year diploma [or 1 year certificate if you don’t have much time]. I’m attending lessons one evening a week, and the lessons are 3 hours long – but I think there is a day time option if you prefer.
For the School of Herbal Medicine I teach Herbal Therapeutics and Pharmacy in year 1; colleagues are taking Materia Medica, Anatomy & Physiology, Botany, and Pharmacognosy. We have lots of interest for next September’s intake for the seminars held in Bridgwater rather than out-of-the-way Porlock.
Although I don’t teach Anatomy & Physiology, I can’t help but want to show you our new Flexible Friend. We have named him Eric, and he is a lot of fun….
If you, or anyone you know, would like to train as a Medical Herbalist, then send them to our website www.schoolofherbalmedicine.co.uk
The birds have started singing; that means spring is on the way…
Although I want to start sowing the seeds of my medicinal herbs asap, when I went to visit my allotment I was surprised how quickly the weeds have encroached on my growing space. I shouldn’t be surprised as it happens every year. The first thing to do is clear up, basically.
Last week I sorted out my shed which I had abandoned for two reasons. 1. We had a spate of burglaries on our site and the lock had been forced off my shed and the contents ransacked. I don’t keep any expensive equipment in there, but the thieves took my cute camping stove on which my little kettle whistled when ready to make tea. What they didn’t take they threw around a bit and emptied out boxes of seed which the mice ate. Which brings me to the second thing… 2. Mice. Or to be honest it is probably rats, but I don’t want to go there. I found some droppings and a hole made under the door step into my shed. I didn’t want to go in as the creatures may have been lurking, but when the sun shone I felt bold and banged about and pulled out the furniture [I believe in allotment comfort and provide myself with table and chairs and shelves for books and biscuits], dusted and swept like Mole and soon the place was shipshape.
This week I tidied up the greenhouse. Since somebody smashed a side window pushing a wheelbarrow past on the 18″ wide paths the rain and yellow dock had got in. Rows of pots containing dried compost and shrivelled basil plants that I had forgotten about reproached me from the work bench, and the moss-rimmed netting that I had gathered up from the wind last Autumn and stuffed inside the greenhouse to door to ‘keep safe’ lay coiled around my feet. On a rainy day this would be depressing. So I check the weather forecast and only go when expecting sun.
I took a bucket and rubber gloves so I could wash all the pots in hot water, forgetting that my cute little singing kettle couldn’t sing till I replaced the cooker. Oh well. I used cold water, but the sun made the greenhouse hot. Yes, hot. In February.
I patched the broken glass with a sheet of plastic that I was going to make into a cold frame but never got round to it. I pulled up all the yellow dock, spraying seed heads all over the place so it will doubtless come back. I swept the floor, washed down the workbench and arranged all my pots as terracotta or plastic, and graded them due to size. All done.
Now my little domain is waiting for the seed order from poyntzfieldherbs.co.uk to come.
Just so you know. I can now take card payments; easier for you and easier for me….
With the winter still dragging on my patients often ask for some cough medicine. I always have some in stock. Except I moved and lost it all. How can that happen? Well, apart from the possibility of having left a box in the back of the removal van, I have looked in all other places I could think of. My big master bottle of lovingly created cough syrup has vanished.
So then, when a patient asked for a refill I advised her to go and buy some Potter’s Vegetable Cough Remover from Boots. But no, she wanted mine and she would wait for it.
So, I went to my new dispensary and made some. Just like that…
So first I boiled up my herbs [I used liquorice root, inula, horehound, mullein and thyme] in water and simmered them covered for 20 minutes. Then when the liquid had cooled I strained the fluid into a measuring jug and pressed the damp herbs to extract all the juice I could get.
Then I returned the liquid to the pan and simmered gently until reduced and added molasses sugar to make a syrup. The sugar was dissolved slowly and then the mix simmered again till a syrupy consistency.
I sterilised all my glass bottles with boiling water and heating in an oven for 10 minutes. The pouring of the sticky thick syrup is always a messy business. I just get on with it now without being too careful and just clean up thoroughly afterwards.
And voila! Especially for my lovely patient who would accept none other, Growing Medicine’s cough mixture:
The School of Herbal Medicine opened its doors to the first students September 2015. I did my first day’s teaching there October 18th with 7 hours of Herbal Therapeutics; this weekend we focused on the Cardiovascular system and the Respiratory System. Susan Vassar covered the Gastrointestinal system in Anatomy and Physiology om 17th. We had the brainwave of hiring a brilliant cook to provide a hot meal midday which was appreciated by students and staff alike.
The students have been loaded up with large files which we aim to fill over the next 6 years. They are a great bunch and are a pleasure to teach. The modules may seem large and indeed the workload is considerable, but we believe we are offering something unique in England. See swherbschool.wordpress.com for more info. It is our blog.
It is our intention to start to grow our own plants for our students to make into our own medicine to use on our own patients. The students are invited to help plan and plant a herb garden, and to come to Bridgwater to grow and harvest whenever possible. Our base is at New Place, Porlock but we have a satellite training centre at Growing Medicine, Bridgwater.
If you are interested in training to be a professional Medical Herbalist email us at firstname.lastname@example.org, although intake is closed for this academic year we will admit more students September 2016. Payment plans are available.
One day courses to get people introduced to making things with herbs. Salves, teas, tinctures, powders and more. Learn how to make your own first aid kit. Construct your arsenal against the common cold, while learning the best way to approach fevers, diarrhoea, constipation, rashes and other minor health niggles you wouldn’t go to your GP about.
First Saturday will be 7th March 2015, 10.00-12.00 £45, bring a packed lunch and I will provide tea and coffee
Just email me at email@example.com if you would like to book a place…
Colds and Flu Season…
The common cold is a virus droplet infection of the air passages of the upper respiratory tract. There are many hundreds of different viruses that cause a cold to develop, which is why there is no specific ‘vaccine’. You can catch it by breathing in the virus in droplets coughed or sneezed by an infected person, or by touching and object that has the virus on it, left by an infected person, like a door handle or passing books to and fro at school, or toys at a playschool or nursery. It presents with symptoms of runny nose with clear or thick yellow catarrh, sneezing, slight sore throat, slight ear ache, a feeling of malaise, headache and is usually afebrile.
Many different strains of virus are responsible for the common cold, and they are constantly undergoing mutation. There is of course no point in the patient requesting antibiotics from their GP unless a secondary bacterial infection has taken hold; the most important thing to be aware of when a patient is complaining of a cold is that inflamed mucosa are more vulnerable to infection with bacteria. This can manifest later as sinusitis, bronchitis or ear infections.
The ‘cold’ is ubiquitous, yet there is no fool proof method for dealing with it, either with herbs or orthodox medicine. With herbal medicine though we have many more remedies than your local pharmacist. What can you buy at the pharmacist? Lemsip and honey, paracetomol if you have a headache or are getting a bit of a temperature. Beechams make capsules and powders to relieve the symptoms of colds and flu. Let’s take a look at what they typically contain:
Paracetamol – to relieve head pain and lower temperature
Phenylephrine – this is used as a decongestant. It also comes with possible side effects which include; nervousness, dizziness, insomnia, upset stomach, shaking, tachycardia…just google it.
Guaifenesin – this is used as an expectorant to assist in the bringing up of phlegm in acute respiratory tract infections. Originally from the Guaiac tree the Guaifenesin used now is a synthetic form which has been available from the 1980’s.
In our herbal pharmacy we have decongestants, antitussives and expectorants that have no unpleasant side effects. For a simple cold all we need to do is get the patient to wrap up warm [this helps the immune system and inhibits most viruses as the common cold virus does not survive well above 33°C], give a diaphoretic to help get the temperature to peak, dose with anticatarrhals and anti-virals and advise to keep drinking your hot herbal tea…
What would I give for a common cold?
Yarrow, Echinacea, Elderflowers, Ground Ivy
Cold Tea [drink hot]
Yarrow10g/Elderflowers 10g/Ground Ivy 10g
Place the 30g of dried herb into a cafetiere, pour on one litre hot water and steep 10 mins. This should be kept warm so pour into a flask and sip through the day.
Echinacea angustifolia tincture 5ml every hour with water.
The common Daisy is a traditional plant used to subdue irritating coughs that hang on long after the cold has gone. A great way to use the daisy as a cough remedy is to immerse the flowers into runny local honey and leave for several days. You can leave the flowers in if you like, but I strain them out and use the honey, which has absorbed phytonutrients from the flowers, and use the honey straight from the teaspoon as a cough syrup.
Influenza is an acute viral infection of the nasopharynx and respiratory tract and is caused by a different type of virus to the common cold. It generally starts with fever, aching and shivering, and brings with it symptoms that are much more severe than acute rhinitis and which last for longer. Accompanying symptoms include headache, sore throat and persistent unproductive cough that can remain for weeks, and sometimes patients experience nausea and vomiting. The influenza viruses may also provoke something referred to as the post-viral syndrome, which is a time of debility, fatigue and low mood and which may persist for some months. There is also a greater risk of secondary bacterial infection and complications, some even leading to death, for example pneumonia.
There are only three different forms of virus which cause flu, A, B and C which belong to the orthomyxovirus group of viruses. Influenza B is related to local outbreaks of flu which tends to be seasonal and can be contained, while Influenza A tends to be at the root of worldwide epidemics. It is Influenza A which has the greatest capacity to develop new variants at irregular intervals thus evading the host immune system which may have developed immunity against a previous deviant. The most serious worldwide epidemic of Influenza A was in 1918 and was the cause of approximately 20 million deaths. A later shift in the antigenic profile of the virus was at the root of another outbreak in 1957 causing a worldwide pandemic. Influenza C causes a much milder respiratory illness that is not thought to cause epidemics. Nearly all adults have been infected with influenza C virus and lower respiratory tract complications are unusual. There is no vaccine against influenza C virus.
Most at risk are the elderly, children and the immunocompromised.
A chest rub or poultice is a useful adjunct treatment to a respiratory tract infection, the constituents are absorbed easily through the skin and can start their action on the lung tissue swiftly. In many cases direct action by a topical remedy has more immediate effect than a tea.
Actions that you would anticipate including would be; decongestant, immune cell stimulating and anti-viral.
Decongestant herbs: Eucalyptus or Pine essential oil. Dilute in a carrier oil and rub onto chest, or include in a chest rub ointment, or use as in a steam inhalation.
Thymus vulgaris. Use dried herb as a hot tea to make a poultice, or use as part of a steam inhalation
The chest rub made below contains local pine tip infused oil, with black pepper and thyme.
The whole point of choosing the name Growing Medicine for my clinic and business was to illustrate both the fact that the medicine I use comes from things that are growing in contrast to things that are synthetically made in bulk in a factory, and that I am actually growing some of my own stuff. Since I started practice here in Bridgwater I have acquired an allotment and have begun a scheme of growing my own medicinal plants, some of which I have made into tinctures and teas and stored in my pharmacy ready to use for my patients.
Years ago, before I started training for my degree in Herbal Medicine, I used to wonder what women did when their children got ill before the NHS was developed. In some social history books I discovered that in rural areas there was a lot of knowledge about medicinal plants, and this wisdom was passed down from generation to generation orally. And people used to just pick tips up from each other. In most villages there would be a certain individual who had amassed a great fund of plant knowledge and neighbours would defer to them in times of illness in the family. If you are interested I can recommend Memory, Wisdom and Healing: The History of Domestic Plant Medicine by Gabrielle Hatfield. The History Press 2005.
Last week one of my daughters had a cough and cold. I was in my allotment that morning and I picked White Horehound, Marrubium vulgare.
White Horehound is expectorant which makes it useful for those productive coughs of a heavy cold, as opposed to those dry irritating coughs that hang around after a cold has long gone. It relaxes the muscles of the bronchus and frees up the mucus that just sits there.
And I picked some Greater Plantain, Plantago major.
Plantain is great for colds. It is demulcent so it helps soothe sore throats and inflamed respiratory membranes, and it has expectorant properties to help get up stubborn mucus from the bronchial tubes.
And some of my lovely aromatic Catnip, Nepeta cataria
Catnip is a traditional cold remedy. It is a diaphoretic, which means it herbs induce involuntary perspiration that helps to manage a fever. It also boasts some nervine properties so it can help relax stressed ill people.
This was what women would have done years ago, instead of going to the pharmacy to by Lemsip and paracetamol.
I took the herbs home, washed them and snipped them into bits. I then added them to an in-cup infuser with some dried yarrow harvested from my garden, and made a hot soothing ‘cold’ tea.
And Yarrow, Achillea millefolium, is another important remedy for helping the body deal with a fever. Your body needs the fever to improve the function of your immune system, and disable those cold bugs. It is brilliant in the acute stages of heavy colds and influenza. It is also supposed to have antimicrobial properties.
Some I picked earlier from the garden and dried for teas;
Growing Medicine Tea: Beneficial for coughs and colds. take with lots of rest and a good book…..
This is Jacqui Apostolides after a very successful Open Day at Broad Oak Farm in Essex. As they say from their website:
Broad Oak Herbs is a totally unique company. We currently farm just over an acre that forms part of a 6 acre organic smallholding in the beautiful Essex countryside, our herb farm specialises in growing medicinal herbs very much in harmony with nature.
Founded in 2010, when Dawn Pooley met local Herbalist Jacqui Apostolides (Fordham). The idea to start a herb farm specialising in medicinal tinctures quickly became a reality as our other partners became involved. This is true pioneering work and the only medicinal herb farm in Essex.
Where possible we use local craftspeople and materials to make anything we need to use on the farm.
Packaging and printing are kept simple and minimal using recyclable materials to reduce our carbon footprint.
Very little electricity is used in making our products, we use a shredder to process our herbs and this is all done in our lovely open sided barn. The brewing tinctures are stored in our makeshift stockroom and then the tinctures are pressed using a hand pumped hydrolic press.
We produce the best tinctures we possibly can. Broad Oak Herb tinctures and other herbal products are produced exclusively from fresh herbs grown here, harvested at their peak.
Processing of the herbs is done on site, where they are made into tinctures immediately after being picked, so that nothing is lost. This is done in such a way as to preserve the whole of the life force, resulting in a product which is still biologically active. Potency of a remedy comes from a whole plant extract, which we know makes all the difference. We use naturally fermented organic grain alcohol and vegetable based glycerine for our products.
Growing organically ensures that the plants are free of any traces of herbicides, fungicides or synthetic fertilizers. The herbs are collected in tune with the rythyms of nature on flower and fruit days, according to when nature herself dictates. Moving towards biodynamics and permaculture, our hands-on, tuned in brand of horticulture ensures individual attention to both the plants and the land.
One of the main elements of growing on this land is the concept of working co-creatively with nature.The idea behind this comes from our herbalist Jacqui. Deeply inspired and influenced by the work accomplished at the Findhorn community in Scotland and Perelandra gardens in the USA, Jacqui felt compelled to try this method within Broak Oak Herbs with a view to exploring the opportunities to cooperate directly with what we understand as nature intelligence. For a definition and explanation of nature intelligence, please read Machaella Small Wrights paper athttp://www.perelandra-ltd.com//PDF/PP11_What_is_Nature_Intelligence.pdf
This means we are on an immense journey with this project, bringing together our vision of working with nature but still using state of the art modern methods to produce very unique tinctures and other medicines.
Phase one commenced in January 2010, with preparation of part of the field and a planting scheme. The first year crops and harvesting from around the farm produced a small yield of exceptional tinctures in 2010. We have erected a polytunnel, where we plan to experiment growing herbs that may not survive our outdoor climate, such as some auyurvedic herbs. We are trialling sacred basil, and ashwaganda. We have also propagated some White Sage that we are quite excited about.
For the future, we plan to establish Echinacea and to introduce Liquorice beds. But this all takes time.
This is such an exciting venture we believe, for students, herbalists and the general public alike as Broad Oak Herbs will become a great living classroom in which to study and observe herbs.
My colleague and I have been so impressed with the quality of tinctures that we buy from them that we went up to view their project. And we took lots of photos.
We were given a comprehensive tour of all the herbs beds. Why they planted in these shapes, why they put what where, etc…
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